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Most Poisonous Plants to Humans & Pets

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Cicuta Douglasii: Western Water Hemlock

The toxins are concentrated in the chambered rootstock but also occur in the leaves and stems as well. A consumption of 0.1% of body weight of the green material (leaves and stems) is lethal, however, the oil in a single bulb is enough to kill a 1600 pound cow. This plant may sometimes be confused with parsnip.

 

 

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Aconitum: Wolf’s Bane

Aconitum is also known as: “the queen of poisons”, aconite, monkshood, wolf’s bane, leopard’s bane, women’s bane, devil’s helmet, blue rocket, tiger’s bane, and dog’s bane.   Ingestion of even a small amount results in severe gastrointestinal upset and can result in: slowing of the heart rate, death, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea,  a sensation of burning, tingling, numbness in the mouth and face, and of burning in the abdomen, motor weakness, hypotension, sinusbradycardia, ventricular arrhythmia, sweating, dizziness, difficulty in breathing, headache, and confusion. Symptoms may appear almost immediately, usually not later than one hour, and with large doses – death is almost instantaneous. Death usually occurs within two to six hours in fatal poisoning (20 to 40 mL of tincture). Poisoning may also occur following picking the leaves without wearing gloves; the toxin is absorbed easily through the skin. In this event, there will be no gastrointestinal effects. Tingling will start at the point of absorption and extend up the arm to the shoulder, after which the heart will start to be affected.

 

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Brugmansia: Angel Trumpet

All parts of Brugmansia are poisonous, with the seeds and leaves being especially dangerous. Effects can include: paralysis, confusion, tachycardia, dry mouth, diarrhea, migraine headaches, hallucinations, mydriasis, rapid onset cycloplegia, and death.

 

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Nerium oleander: Oleander

All parts of the plant are toxic. It can be grown as a shrub or a tree. Oleander is one of the most poisonous common-grown garden plants. Effects can include: nausea, vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea, irregular heart rate, extremities may become pale and cold due to poor or irregular circulation, it can effect the central nervous system and cause drowsiness, tremors or shaking of the muscles, seizures, collapse, and even coma that can lead to death. Oleander sap can cause skin irritations, severe eye inflammation and irritation, and allergic reactions like dermatitis.

 


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Plants that clean the air in your home

9dbc43c8-fba4-4bd7-b9f6-58ab542cdbd5_09-house-plantPut a spider plant on a pedestal or in a hanging basket close to a sunlit window and you’ll benefit from fewer airborne formaldehyde and benzene molecules.

21f8193f-e36e-4930-9b42-ec6601d815aa_08-house-plantRed-Edged Dracaena – This plant will take care of gases released by xylene, trichloroethylene, and formaldehyde, which can be introduced by lacquers, varnishes, and sealers.

5bdab101-ffb0-4502-8976-76b88c30ae4b_06-house-plantGolden Pothos – Like many other vines, it tackles formaldehyde, but it also targets carbon monoxide and benzene. Place one in your mudroom or entryway, where car exhaust fumes – heavy in formaldehyde – are most likely to sneak indoors from the garage.

8ecdd3ed-9fa9-4a4e-b8f6-a8967153f6fb_04-house-plantBoston Fern – It works especially well in removing formaldehyde, which is found in some glues, as well as pressed wood products, including cabinetry, plywood paneling, and furniture. (Some studies also show it can remove toxic metals, such as mercury and arsenic, from soil.)

4ac24f35-f368-4bf5-a2d3-c1f43e17f47c_03-house-plantLady Palm – Targets ammonia, an enemy of the respiratory system and a major ingredient in cleaners, textiles, and dyes.

1c1011eb-cdc3-4b3d-b633-ecb696741f51_02-house-plantPeace Lily – Blooms year round and rids the air of the VOC benzene, a carcinogen found in paints, furniture wax, and polishes. It also sucks up acetone, which is emitted by electronics, adhesives, and certain cleaners.