Caveman or Palaeolithic Diet by Dr Ananya Mandal, MD

“Palaeolithic or the caveman diet is also called the Stone Age diet, and hunter–gatherer diet. The basic premise of this diet is inclusion and consumption of foods that have been assumed to have been available to humans before agriculture was established.

The Palaeolithic period and its food

The Palaeolithic period existed nearly 2.5 million years ago. This was the age when humans first started to use stone tools. The period ended with the advent of agriculture approximately 10,000 years ago.”

The foods that are thought to have been available during this period included wild-animal source foods and uncultivated-plant source foods. These included:-

  • lean meat
  • fish
  • eggs
  • vegetables
  • fruits
  • roots and tubers
  • nuts

There was no use of agriculture produce like:-

  • grains
  • legumes and pulses
  • dairy products like milk, butter, cheese etc.
  • salt
  • sugar
  • processed oils

Celicac (Coeliac) Disease Symptoms

“…The presentation of celiac disease may be varied with a wide range of severity of the symptoms. This makes diagnosis a challenge based on symptoms alone. Research suggests that diagnosis usually takes around 10 years after the appearance of first symptoms.” Read more

General symptoms of celiac disease

Broadly found the symptoms and signs of celiac disease include:–

  • Iron-deficiency anaemia and other or unspecified anaemia
  • Anorexia
  • Weight loss
  • Abdominal distension/bloating
  • Abdominal pain
  • Flatulence
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation and irregular bowel habits
  • Short stature/growth failure and failure to thrive
  • Irritability, mood swings and depression/bipolar disorder
  • Alopecia
  • Osteoporosis
  • Recurrent aphthous stomatitis
  • Amenorrhoea/recurrent abortion and infertility
  • Hypertransaminaseaemia and abnormal liver biochemistry

Associated features and diseases

There are several associated features and diseases as well. These include:-

  • Dermatitis herpetiformis
  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Liver disorders
  • Microscopic colitis
  • Rheumatological disorders including Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Crohn’s disease and Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Type 1 diabetes – the prevalence of celiac disease in people with type 1 diabetesis 1.4 to 8.2% in children, 0.3 to 11.3% in adults and 1.7 to 5.7% in combined child and adult populations.
  • Autoimmune thyroid disease
  • Down syndrome
  • Epilepsy
  • Infertility
  • Lymphoid malignancy
  • Autoimmune Myocarditis
  • Sjögren’s syndrome
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Turner syndrome
  • Chronic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Polyneuropathy

Oxidative Stress

“… oxidative stress is involved in many diseases, such as atherosclerosis,Parkinson’s disease, heart failure, myocardial infarction, Alzheimer’s disease, fragile X syndrome and chronic fatigue syndrome, but short-term oxidative stress may also be important in prevention of aging by induction of a process named mitohormesis.” Read more