JaneGrok

Follow me as I Grok on


Leave a comment

Do you live in a toxic Superfund area?

Superfund_sitesc

Superfund areas have contaminated water, air, soil, and/or living organisms. Some areas are being monitored, some have been cleaned up to the best of our abilities, some have no intervention due to lack of funds/etc. Some of these areas aren’t well contained and still leach into surrounding air/soil/water for miles.

http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/

http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/query/queryhtm/nplfin.htm (entire list)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Superfund

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Superfund_sites_in_the_United_States

Alabama: 14 sites — Highest score area: 61.42 Triana/Tennessee River. An estimated 475 tons of DDT residues accumulated in sediment. Fish tested, exceeded the FDA guidelines for DDT ppm.

Alaska: 6 sites

Arizona: 9 sites

Arkansas: 9 sites — Highest score area: 65.46 92 acres in Jacksonville, belonging to Vertac. Soil, surface water, and ground water have been contaminated by insecticides, herbicides, chlorinated phenols, and dioxin.

California: 98 sites  — Highest score area: 74.86 in Stockton. MCCORMICK & BAXTER CREOSOTING CO. Soils throughout the site were contaminated with arsenic, chromium, copper, PCP, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Soil contamination extends to depths of 40 feet below ground surface (bgs) in some areas. The aquifer beneath the site is contaminated with many of the same substances to a depth of 175 feet bgs. The aquifer is interconnected with a deep aquifer. The deep aquifer within 4 miles of the site provides drinking water to approximately 97,000 people.

Colorado: 18 sites   — Highest score area: 64.32 Rocky Flats Plant (USDOE). Releases of solvents, pesticides, plutonium, and tritium have contaminated soils, surface water sediments, and ground water at various locations on the facility. Plutonium contamination of soils and sediments has also been documented beyond the boundaries of the Federally owned land. Additionally, three evaporation ponds have contributed to nitrate contamination of ground water.  A USDOE report identified Hillside 881 as the most significant potential risk to populations. Hillside 881 is near the Woman Creek drainage, which eventually discharges into Standly Lake, a major drinking water supply reservoir for several Denver suburbs. 

Connecticut: 14 sites    — Highest score area: 69.92  New Castle County. The Army Creek Landfill. Contaminants include lead, chromium, arsenic, and a variety of organic compounds, that migrate to an aquifer that supplies water to over 100,000 people. The site holds 1.9 million cubic yards of trash. 

Delaware: 13 sites — Highest score area: 69.92 New Castle County, Delaware

District of Columbia: 1 site (Washington Navy Yard listed 1998)

Florida: 55 sites    — Highest score area: 70.71 Old Kerr-McGee Chemical Corp in Jacksonville.  Contaminants: volatile organic compounds, semi-volatile organic compounds, pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls, and metals at concentrations exceeding EPA cleanup target levels in the soils, ground water, and sediments. Offsite migration of contaminants has adversely impacted St. Johns River water quality.

Georgia: 16 sites

Guam: 2 sites

Hawaii: 3 sites   — Highest score area: 70.82 6,300 acres in Pearl Harbor on the Island of Oahu, Honolulu County at the Pearl Harbor Naval Complex.  Contaminant sources include landfills, pesticide disposal pits, chromic acid disposal areas, PCB disposal areas, mercury-contaminated harbor sediments, leaking underground solvent tanks, waste oil facilities, and numerous other types of sources resulting from industrial activities at the complex.  Hazardous substances found include mercury, chromium, PCBs, pesticides, trichloroethene, trans-1,2-dichloroethene, and other volatile organic compounds.

Idaho: 6 sites 

29071671

Illinois: 44 sites   — Highest score area: 70.71 DePue/New Jersey Zinc/Mobil Chemical Corp.  in the Village of DePue, Bureau County, Illinois.  Contaminant souces include  a residue pile, a waste pile, lithopone waste material ridges, a cinder fill area, contaminated soils, lagoons/cooling ponds, and gypsum stack ponds. All of the sources were found to contain elevated levels of metals, including zinc, lead, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and copper. Elevated levels of cadmium were found in residential soil samples. In addition, contamination of a fishery, state wildlife refuge, and wetlands have been documented in Lake DePue.

Indiana: 34 sites

Iowa: 11 sites

Kansas: 12 sites

Kentucky: 14 sites

Louisiana:  9 sites

Maine: 13 sites   — Highest score area: 70.71 EASTLAND WOOLEN MILL Corinna, Maine area and area/wells to over 1,900 feet down stream contaminated with chlorobenzene.

Maryland: 20 sites

Massachusetts: 32 sites   — Highest score area: 72.42 250 acres in North Woburn, Massachusetts has over 170 years’ accumulation of industrial by-products and wastes. Many of the pits, piles, and lagoons are continuously leaching toxic metals into the environment.

Michigan: 65 sites

Minnesota: 25 sites

Mississippi: 8 sites

02gowanus-cityroom-blogSpan

Missouri: 33 sites   — Highest score area: 84.91 BIG RIVER MINE TAILINGS/ST. JOE MINERALS CORP. Desloge, Missouri approx 110 square miles. St. Joe Minerals Corp. who operated at the site, disposed of lead, cadmium, and zinc-rich mine tailings over approximately 600 acres in a rural area bordered on three sides by Big River. The air, water, soil, and living organisms have been contaminated. Missouri has numerous sites that score 70 or higher. They appear to be along an area called the “lead belt” which produced over 80% of all lead for the US. The EPA provides bottled water to many residences in this area. Sampling data has indicated elevated levels of lead, cadmium, barium, and arsenic in soil, surface water, and ground water. Hundreds of wells are contaminated.

Montana: 16 sites

toxic-lake07 toxic-lake04 toxic-lake02  (images of the toxic Berkeley Pit “Lake” in Butte, Montana)

Nebraska: 13 sites

Nevada: 1 site

New Hampshire: 20 sites   — Highest score area:70.71  An inactive waste oil recycling and virgin fuel oil storage and distribution facility located on Kelley Road in Plaistow, Rockingham County, New Hampshire. Chlorinated VOCs, PCBs, copper, and zinc have been detected in Kelley Brook and associated wetlands. Ground water is contaminated with chlorinated VOCs and metals, and concentrations of vinyl chloride and arsenic in a nearby drinking water well exceed maximum contaminant levels

New Jersey: 113 sites — Highest score area:  75.60 LIPARI LANDFILL Pitman, New Jersey. Domestic and industrial wastes, including various toxic organic compounds and heavy metals, were dumped at the site. They percolated into the ground water under the landfill and leached into Chestnut Branch, Rabbit Run, and Alcyon Lake.

New Mexico: 14 sites

New York: 87 sites

North Carolina: 37 sites   — Highest score area: 70.71 The Barber Orchard located along U.S. Highway 74 in Waynesville, Haywood County, North Carolina. Various pesticide mixtures containing DDT, hexachlorocyclohexane (BHC), endrin, and/or dieldrin, as well as arsenic, lead, and other hazardous substances, were applied to the orchard to control insects and rodents. Pesticides and related metals from spills, leaks, and improper disposal of pesticide-contaminated containers, as well as from product application, have been detected in soils and ground water throughout the site. The site is being proposed to the NPL because pesticide-related contamination is present in residential soils and in private drinking water wells. NC has a few sites that score over 70.

Ohio: 37 sites

Oklahoma: 8 sites

Oregon: 14 sites   — Highest score area: 71.78 TAYLOR LUMBER AND TREATING Sheridan, Oregon.  Contamination sources include volatile organic compounds (VOCs), SVOCs, pentachlorophenol (PCP), metals, and dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofuans (dioxins/furans). Further, many of these hazardous substances were documented to have migrated to surface water, soil, and air targets. Air contamination is documented up to 1 mile from the site. Actual contamination has also been documented in residential surface soils for up to a 1/2 mile of the site. Contaminants include barium, lead, mercury, zinc, cadmium, pyrene, bis(2-ethylexyl)phthalate, and several dioxins.

superfund-site

Pennsylvania: 96 sites — Highest score area: 70.71 Safety Light Corporation (SLC)  located in South Centre Township near Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania, in Columbia County. SLC activities have resulted in contamination of surface and subsurface soil, surface water (lagoons and the Susquehanna River), sediment, and ground water. Waste generated at SLC includes solid and liquid wastestreams contaminated with radioactive materials, including radium, strontium, cesium, and tritium. Ground water contamination as a result of activities at SLC have impacted drinking water wells located within 4 miles of the facility, including private drinking water wells .

Puerto Rico: 16 sites

Rhode Island: 12 sites 

South Carolina: 16 sites

South Dakota: 2 sites 

Tennessee: 16 sites

Texas: 50 sites

Utah: 16 sites

Vermont: 11 sites 

Virgin Island: 1 site

Virginia: 31 sites

Washington: 49 sites

West Virginia: 9 sites

Wisconsin: 38 sites

Wyoming: 2 sites


Leave a comment

Why you should avoid Caffeine – it can make you fat, alter your DNA, and it’s toxic.

caffeine_drinks  eu_toxic_chemicals_222   coffee    toxc2

The LD50 (Lethal Dose 50%) of  caffeine is 192 mg. The lower the LD50 number, the more lethal the substance is. For comparison, Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) has an LD50 of 11,900 mg/kg. Cyanide has an LD50 of 6.4 mg/kg.

tox2

Caffeine is mutagenic for mammalian somatic cells (meaning that is alters your DNA and is passed down genetically to offspring). Mutagenic for bacteria and/or yeast. May cause damage to the following organs: heart, gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system.

It has Chronic Effects on Humans: May cause adverse reproductive effects (fetotoxicity, maternal (parnutrition) and birth defects. May affect genetic material (mutagenic). May cause cancer (tumorgenic) based on animal data.

It may cause gastrointestinal (digestive) tract irritation with epigastric pain, abdominal cramps, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

It affects metabolism and cardiovascular system with symptoms including flushing, palpitations, rapid heart rate, dysrhythmias, hypotension, blood pressure elevation and weight loss, metabolic acidosis.

It may affect brain and behavior/central nervous system. Symptoms may include nervousness, anxiety, restlessness, insomnia, dizziness, tremor, seizures, convulsions, hallucinations,
somnolence, toxic psychosis, tremors, convulsions, ataxia.

May also affect blood, respiration (hyperventilation), and urinary system (mild increase in urinary volume and urinary sodium excretion), and may directly produce hypokalemia.

Chronic Potential Health Effects: May cause cancer (tumorigen) based on animal studies. May cause reproductive and fetal effects. May cause digestive tract disturbances (increased gastric acid, and pepsin secretion and a decrease in lower esophogeal sphincter pressure), cardiovascular disturbances.

Caffeine also fits the definition of an addictive substance, with withdrawal symptoms, an increase in tolerance over time, and physical cravings.

Caffeine is metabolized in the liver.

It increases lipolysis, leading to elevated glycerol and free fatty acid levels in the blood plasma.

It dilates blood vessels and increases urine volume.

Caffeine crosses the blood–brain barrier that separates the bloodstream from the interior of the brain.

Caffeine acts as a nonselective antagonist of adenosine receptors. The caffeine molecule is structurally similar to adenosine, and binds to adenosine receptors on the surface of cells without activating them (an “antagonist” mechanism of action). Therefore, caffeine acts as a competitive inhibitor.

Caffeine tolerance develops very quickly, especially among heavy coffee and energy drink consumers. Complete tolerance to sleep disruption effects of caffeine develops after consuming 400 mg of caffeine 3 times a day for 7 days. Full complete tolerance of caffeine was observed when subjects consumed 750–1200 mg per day.

Withdrawal symptoms — headache, irritability, an inability to concentrate, drowsiness, insomnia and pain in the stomach, upper body, and joints — may appear within 12 to 24 hours after discontinuation of caffeine intake. This peaks at roughly 48 hours, and usually last from one to five days, representing the time required for the number of adenosine receptors in the brain to revert to “normal” levels. Analgesics, such as aspirin, can relieve the pain symptoms.

The DOT Classification of caffeine: CLASS 6.1: Poisonous material!!

toxx

Caffeine can lead to a condition known as ”caffeinism.” Caffeinism combines caffeine dependency with a wide range of unpleasant physical and mental conditions including nervousness, irritability, anxiety, tremulousness, muscle twitching (hyperreflexia), insomnia, headaches, respiratory alkalosis, and heart palpitations. Furthermore, because caffeine increases the production of stomach acid, high usage over time can lead to peptic ulcers, erosive esophagitis, and gastroesophageal reflux disease.

There are four caffeine-induced psychiatric disorders recognized by the ”Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition”: caffeine intoxication, caffeine-induced anxiety disorder, caffeine-induced sleep disorder, and caffeine-related disorder.

Long-term consumption of caffeine could inhibit learning and memory partially through inhibition of hippocampal neurogenesis.

Caffeine binds to receptors on the surface of heart muscle cells, which leads to an increase in the level of cAMP inside the cells (by blocking the enzyme that degrades cAMP), mimicking the effects of epinephrine (which binds to receptors on the cell that activate cAMP production).

Despite its widespread use and the conventional view that it is a safe substance, a 2008 study suggested that pregnant women who consume 200 milligrams or more of caffeine per day have about twice the miscarriage risk as women who consume none.

caffeine_rush

5-6 cups of coffee a day may make you fat!

Caffeine can cause retention of fat within cells, glucose intolerance(a pre-diabetic condition), and increase resistance to insulin regulation. 

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2332044/Is-caffeine-fix-making-fat-Study-shows-cups-coffee-day-cause-obesity.html?ito=feeds-newsxml

LD50 LETHAL DOSE CHART:

tox3

drinks

http://www.sciencelab.com/msds.php?msdsId=9927475

http://www.sciencelab.com/msdsList.php

http://www.epa.gov/agriculture/ag101/pestlethal.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Median_lethal_dose#cite_note-21

http://www.ingredientstodiefor.com/files/MSDS_Caffeine.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HAZMAT_Class_6_Toxic_and_Infectious_Substances

http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/BuyingUsingMedicineSafely/UnderstandingOver-the-CounterMedicines/UCM205286.pdf

High intakes of coffee are associated with raised concentrations of plasma homocysteine, a predictor of risk of cardiovascular disease. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11237928

http://www.news-medical.net/health/Caffeine-Pharmacology.aspx

7-side-effects-of-soda

Personal note: I’ve been caffeine-free for about 8 months now. I’d given up caffeine a few years ago, but I went back to it after some stressful events. Caffeine just made me feel good/happy and I craved it when I felt bad or stressed.

The 1st time I gave it up was super-hard. I was consuming 8-16 cans of Coca-cola and energy drinks a day(insane, I know!). I switched that out to diet Coke and diet Pepsi, then I switched that out to strong tea. I gradually weakened the tea until I was just drinking water. I could not go cold-turkey because I have severe migraines. I had to slowly step it down.

This time, I went from energy drinks and soda straight to water. I had to use some Excedrin to get me through the 1st week. I naturally have 2-5 baaaaaad migraines every year (since I was about 2 years old). As long as I was consuming caffeine I wouldn’t have any, but if I was ever in a situation where I went without it for more than 6 hours – it would induce a monster migraine that would leave me crying in a fetal position. That could be several times a week. I much prefer to deal with my “regular” migraine episodes. I’ve only had 2 since I stopped consuming caffeine this last time. It’s also easier now for me to notice the signs of a migraine coming on – which means I have time to do a few things to take the edge off so that they don’t last as long and aren’t as severe.

healthy-happy-opener-300x300


Leave a comment

Most Poisonous Plants to Humans & Pets

douglasii2dh whemlock3 whemlock2b whemlock1

Cicuta Douglasii: Western Water Hemlock

The toxins are concentrated in the chambered rootstock but also occur in the leaves and stems as well. A consumption of 0.1% of body weight of the green material (leaves and stems) is lethal, however, the oil in a single bulb is enough to kill a 1600 pound cow. This plant may sometimes be confused with parsnip.

 

 

plantt

Aconitum: Wolf’s Bane

Aconitum is also known as: “the queen of poisons”, aconite, monkshood, wolf’s bane, leopard’s bane, women’s bane, devil’s helmet, blue rocket, tiger’s bane, and dog’s bane.   Ingestion of even a small amount results in severe gastrointestinal upset and can result in: slowing of the heart rate, death, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea,  a sensation of burning, tingling, numbness in the mouth and face, and of burning in the abdomen, motor weakness, hypotension, sinusbradycardia, ventricular arrhythmia, sweating, dizziness, difficulty in breathing, headache, and confusion. Symptoms may appear almost immediately, usually not later than one hour, and with large doses – death is almost instantaneous. Death usually occurs within two to six hours in fatal poisoning (20 to 40 mL of tincture). Poisoning may also occur following picking the leaves without wearing gloves; the toxin is absorbed easily through the skin. In this event, there will be no gastrointestinal effects. Tingling will start at the point of absorption and extend up the arm to the shoulder, after which the heart will start to be affected.

 

Brugmansia_Sunset 179px-Brugmansia danger-plants-8-0909-79417224

Brugmansia: Angel Trumpet

All parts of Brugmansia are poisonous, with the seeds and leaves being especially dangerous. Effects can include: paralysis, confusion, tachycardia, dry mouth, diarrhea, migraine headaches, hallucinations, mydriasis, rapid onset cycloplegia, and death.

 

Dsc00008 306533525 Nerium_oleander_flowers_leaves 320px-Nerium_oleander_Ouarzazate_wild2

Nerium oleander: Oleander

All parts of the plant are toxic. It can be grown as a shrub or a tree. Oleander is one of the most poisonous common-grown garden plants. Effects can include: nausea, vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea, irregular heart rate, extremities may become pale and cold due to poor or irregular circulation, it can effect the central nervous system and cause drowsiness, tremors or shaking of the muscles, seizures, collapse, and even coma that can lead to death. Oleander sap can cause skin irritations, severe eye inflammation and irritation, and allergic reactions like dermatitis.